This section includes technologies like space travel & tourism, space and deep sea habitats, seasteading and futuristic transport systems.
Space tourism is space travel for recreational, leisure or business purposes. A number of startup companies have sprung up in recent years, such
as Virgin Galactic and XCOR Aerospace, hoping to create a sub-orbital space tourism industry. Entrepreneurs have
begun designing and deploying competitive space systems to the national-monopoly governmental systems of the early decades of
the space age. Successes to date include flying suborbital spaceplanes, launching orbitalrockets, and flying a couple of orbital expandable test modules (Genesis
I and II).
Asteroid mining is the exploitation of raw materials from asteroids and other minor planets, including near-Earth objects. Minerals and volatiles could be mined from an asteroid or spent comet then used in space for in-situ utilization (e.g. construction materials and rocket propellant) or taken back to Earth.
A space habitat (also called a space colony, space settlement or orbital colony) is a type of space station, intended as apermanent settlement rather than as a simple way-station or other specialized facility. No space habitats have yet been constructed but many design proposals have been made, with varying degrees of realism, by both engineers and science fiction authors.
Underwater habitats are underwater structures in which people can live for extended periods and carry out most of the basic human functions of a 24-hour day,
such as working, resting, eating, attending to personal hygiene, and sleeping. In this context 'habitat' is generally used in a narrow sense to mean the interior and immediate exterior of the
structure and its fixtures, but not its surrounding marine environment.
Seasteading is the concept of creating permanent dwellings at sea, called seasteads, outside the territory claimed by any government. Most proposed seasteads have been
modified cruising vessels. Other proposed structures have included a refitted oil platform, a decommissioned anti-aircraft platform, and custom-built floating islands.
A personal air vehicle or PAV, also personal aerial vehicle, is an emergent aviation market that would provide on-demand aviation services. This term was first used by NASA in 2003 when it established the Personal Air Vehicle Sector Project, as part of the Aeronautics Vehicle Systems Program. This project was part of NASA Vehicle Integration, Strategy, and Technology Assessment (VISTA) office, which also included sectors for Subsonic Transports, VTOL Aircraft, Supersonic Aircraft, and High Altitude Long Endurance Aircraft. The objective of each sector was to establish vehicle capability goals and the required technology investment strategies to achieve those breakthroughs.
The Hyperloop is a conceptual high-speed transportation system originally put forward by entrepreneur Elon Musk, incorporating reduced-pressure tubes in which pressurized capsules ride on an air cushion driven by linear induction motors andair compressors.
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